Mitrophanov Vladimir Petrovich, Doctor of historical sciences, professor, sub-department of general history, historiography and archaeology, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), email@example.com
Background. The article deals with the N. Bekon’ participation as a justice of peace in addressing economic and social issues of life in the county of Norfolk in 1580–1620. It traces his role in regulating the construction of protective building structures against floods, food trade, extradition of licensing of grain exports and alehouses, dispute settling between traders of grain, collections of subsidies and loans. The work considered his significant role in informing the Privy Council on all these issues, allowing the government to make timely decisions concerning the situation in Norfolk.
Materials and methods. Implementation of the research objectives has been achieved through the use of the dialectical method of knowledge of the historical process, which includes the principles of historicism, objectivity and systemacy, that has revealed the content side of the issue and the scientific approach to the sources on the history of local government of the county of Norfolk.
Results. The study of the “Bacon’s papers” and some other sources shows that in their content they are sufficiently representative in mapping of his participation in solving socio-economic issues of local governance. They also suggest that these “people of the second position”, although they were not paid officials, play an im-portant role in dealing with current issues of local life.
Conclusions. The sources allow us to trace N. Bekon participation in the local government of the county of Norfolk during forty years (1580–1520), and to state that the London government worked closely with him and used him as their repre-sentative in the region, which allowed the government to be relatively successful in conducting internal policy.
Bacon, Privy Council, Commission, food trade, subsidies, loans.
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